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雅思小作文写作技巧与应注意事项

发布时间:2014-07-31 17:40:33 作者:it577 审核编辑:本站小编 点击:下载该Word文档收藏本文

雅思小作文写作技巧与应注意事项

1。试卷发下后,请花半分钟的时间来浏览作文的题目,这里包括议论文在内。

2。此后,请看第一部分的题目,明确以下几点

1)属于什么题型的图表,是一个曲线图,一个饼图,一表格,一个流程图还是一个物体以及其他类型的图表

2)是一幅图还是两幅或者是以上的图

3)时间、字数以及其他的要求

3。用5分钟的时间分析并形成以下的内容

1)注意不同类型图表的技巧(包括时态、语态、关键描述词语与句型)

2)划出并分析题目中的关键内容,分析图表中的关键特征点(依据各种图表的特点来决定)

3)考虑结构(开头引言,描述特征,可能亚博体育手机客户端)注意以下

开头不能与文章已经给出的东西一样,用自己语言表达;

描述关键以及有代表性的点或者是趋势;

在语法与句法正确的基础上,力求用不同的句型组合(如简单句,复合句,定语/表语/宾语/非谓语从句),用近意词语;正确表达文章所给信息

在可能的情况下做简单的亚博体育手机客户端;

不要发表有个人或者是评论性的句子;

标点符号,单词的拼写应该正确;

4。书写的时候注意流利与工整,采用现代式的书写格式

5。留出一定时间检查,保持卷面的整洁

技巧性套句(仅供参考)

开头句型(用简单的句子给出尽可能多的信息WHEN,WHAT,WHERE,有特色。)

一般有两种,一种是主动一种是被动。

1)The chart/graph/table/diagram/process (show,reveal,illustrate,demonstrate,depict,describe,indicate)

2)According to/As can be seen from/As shown in/It is clear/apparent from/It can be seen from

结尾句型(如果没有可以充分说的,可以不用结尾。结尾不要节外生枝。最好不要出现很明显有结尾特征的词语“in conclusion”)

中间关键句型————☆要注意认真审查题目,弄清楚要描述的数据究竟代表什么,单位是什么,用什么方式表达。OBJECT (描述物体)

注意点:要明确以一定的顺序来写。从左到右或者是从上到下,从内到外(根据物体自己的特点)等等。把题目中给出的部件详细描述。(如202的自行车)

句型:介绍功能The illustration is of a _______ which is designed to (do something)

说明构成部分A ______ is made up of /consists of/comprises How many ?A number of parts/sections

描述各个部件功能不要用you ,one可以用we, the operator (单数个体) First , (the cyclist) puts his or her _____on the ____

要有一定的顺序,不要将每个部分单独写出,应该将能够合并的一起结合,注意用以下句型(被动态,定语从句,非谓语动词)

要用关联词

PIE CHART (饼图)

注意点:1)文字中要表达出总量与分量的关系,在两个以上的PIE中,要注意各个PIE间的比较

2)数据究竟代表什么应清楚

语言点:1)percentage / proportion

2) (v.) make up/ constitute / account for

3)① the biggest difference between 2 group(A+B) is in…,where A makes up 5% while B constitutes 67%the highest percentage of A, which was approximately 12%

② the percentage of A in…..is more than twice that of B,the ratio is 67% to 45%(0 compared to 0)

③ in…,while a greater percentage of A than B are found in……. (the former is 0 and the latter is 0)

④ there are more A in……,reaching 0,compared with 0 of B

⑤ A , which used to be the……..,has become less important, which declined(increased) sharply from 0 in 1978 to only 0 in 1998.

⑥ The biggest loss was to某区域.

The biggest gains in A were made by某区域.FLOW CHART (曲线图)

注意点:1)抓住“变化”和“趋势”

2)有两种情况其一是在不同时间段内的数据比较,另外是单独数据的全程描述。前者适合于数据代表的物体较少且时间界限明确的情况下,后者适合于描述数据对象很多且时间划定不清晰。当然依据考试中的题目来决定。语言点:1)变化状态幅度词(要依据描述的情况决定)

轻微-----slightly, slowly(速度), steadily(平缓)逐渐----gradually

显着-----significantly , markedly急剧-----rapidly , dramatically , abruptly ,sharply突然---suddenly趋势---trend inclination tendacy2)变量幅度词语

★增加-----increase, jump ,go up ,rise, climb , ascend , level up ,surge,

★减少----decrease, drop ,go down ,fall,---- , descend, level down ,

★水平----keep/stay/remain/maintain stable ,----steady ,be similar to ,there is little/hardly any/no change★最高-----reach a highest point/the top/the summit/the peak/the most/peak in,at★最低-----reach a lowest point/the bottom//rock/hit a trough /bottom out★交叉-----correspond with in ----year; --- crossing the line for -----3)时间幅度词语

During the period 1970—1999 ; From 1970 to 1999 ; Since the early 1970s ;In 1970------then in 1980-----ten years later4)基本句型

There was变化趋势in the number of A from 1986-1990(over next…..yeas) ,which was followed by变化趋势and then变化趋势until 1998 when there was变化趋势for the next….years

From 1990 onwards, there was变化趋势in the number of A which then变化趋势at 0 in 1994.In 1990,the number reached (was) 0,but 30 years later there was变化趋势.After变化趋势from…to…,A begin变化趋势over the next….years.

The number of…increased rapidly from 1988 to 1990 during the five-year period

〓 There was a rapid increase from 1988 to 1990 during the five-year period

A has almost/nearly/about/over a quarter/half/twice/one third /as many students as/as much money as /B; A has about/approximately/exactly/precisely the same number/proportion/amount of students/money as…..It has reached something of a plateau,X percent/an average of X percent in the past few years in 1998.in the 3 years spanning from 1995 through 1998...the percentage of...is sightly larger/smaller than that of.....the graphs show a threefold increase in the number of.....decreased year by year while...increased steadily....here is an upward trend in the number of

..(year)witnessed/saw a sharp rise in.....

a has something in common with b/ the difference between a and b lies in..柱状图(Bar chart)

注意点:1)柱图主要是陈列的数据比较多,不能将所有的信息写出,只能抓住重点与关键点来写(这些点可以是最大、小值;最高、低值;差距最大最小点等等)都需要结合题目来分析,对于一些点的特征具有相似性应该采用统一合并的方法,不能每有项都列出。

2)应该根据一定的顺序来写,否则会因逻辑不合理而失分语言点:1)一般是以比较极与最高级的句子形式出现如

Low income consumed more hamburghers than other group(=more than other /group/ on hamburghers),spending more than twice/ as much as hamburghers than FC and Pizza(both about 40%)High income favoured pizza,spenting 0,followed by FC at 0,then hamburgher at 0.

High income appear to less than other /group/ on hamburghers,pizza remain their most popular fast-food, followed by FC.

In 1975,among 3 of the world’s largest cities, San Paulo had the highest population(about 0.5 billion),and……is the second highest(about….. )……had the lowest population (about….).

As a result in 1990,the number of….appears the largest population, closely followed by…,then…….at……The table below shows the figures for imprisonment in 3 countries between 1930-1960 in great Britain, the numbers in prison has increased from….in 1930 to….in 1940,apart from in 1950 when the numbers in prison fell by….On the other hand , New Zealand and Australia are the only two countries in which the numbers in prison remain steady from 1930-1960,although there have been slightly fluctuations in this trend.

In the period 1975to 1990,all cities showed a growth, Tokyo and Newyork had by far the largest increase (about…..).san Paulo had the smallest growth(about…)There were no figures given for male part-time workers.

In unemployed group, men enjoyed more leisure time---over 80%,compared with 40% for women(同一群体的比较), markedly more than women in retired group(不同群体的比较).表格/统计图(Table chart)

注意点:1)同柱状一样对数据间的变化与特殊显着数据的描写要求很高2)选择好顺序流程图(Flow Chart)

注意点:1)与物体、地图的描述一样,保持相同的作题原则2)一定要按照顺序来说明

3)明确图片上要求说明的内容是什么,不要随意编造

IELTS套句式写作大全

第一部分:TASK1图表写作套句精选

1.the table shows the changes in the number of...over the period from...to...

该表格描述了在...年之...年间...数量的变化。2.the bar chart illustrates that...该柱状图展示了...

3.the graph provides some interesting data regarding...该图为我们提供了有关...有趣数据。4.the diagram shows (that)...该图向我们展示了...

5.the pie graph depicts (that)....该圆形图揭示了...

6.this is a cure graph which describes the trend of...这个曲线图描述了...的趋势。7.the figures/statistics show (that)...数据(字)表明...

8.the tree diagram reveals how...该树型图向我们揭示了如何...9.the data/statistics show (that)...该数据(字)可以这样理解...

10.the data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion that...这些数据资料令我们得出结论...11.as

is

shown/demonstrated/exhibited

in

the

diagram/graph/chart/table...如图所示...

12.according to the chart/figures...根据这些表(数字)...13.as is shown in the table...如表格所示...

14.as can be seen from the diagram,great changes have taken

place in...

从图中可以看出,...发生了巨大变化。

15.from the table/chart/diagram/figure,we can see clearly that...or it is

clear/apparent from the chart that...

从图表我们可以很清楚(明显)看到...16.this is a graph which illustrates...这个图表向我们展示了...

17.this table shows the changing proportion of a & b from...to...

该表格描述了...年到...年间a与b的比例关系。18.the graph,presented in a pie chart, shows the general trend in...

该图以圆形图形式描述了...总的趋势。19.this is a column chart showing...这是个柱型图,描述了...

20.as can be seen from the graph,the two curves show the flutuation of...

如图所示,两条曲线描述了...的波动情况。21.over the period from...to...the...remained level.在...至...期间,...基本不变。22.in the year between...and...在...年到...期间...

23.in the 3 years spanning from 1995 through 1998...1995年至1998三年里...

24.from then on/from this time onwards...从那时起...

25.the number of...remained steady/stable from (month/year) to (month/year).

...月(年)至...月(年)...的数量基本不变。

26.the number sharply went up to...数字急剧上升至...

27.the percentage of...stayed the same between...and......至...期间...的比率维持不变。28.the figures peaked at...in(month/year)...的数目在...月(年)达到顶点,为...29.the percentage remained steady at...比率维持在...

30.the percentage of...is sightly larger/smaller than that of......的比例比...的比例略高(低)。31.there is not a great deal of difference between...and......与...的区别不大。

32.the graphs show a threefold increase in the number of...该图表表明...的数目增长了三倍。

33....decreased year by year while...increased steadily....逐年减少,而...逐步上升。

34.the situation reached a peak(a high point at) of[%]....的情况(局势)到达顶(高)点,为...百分点。35.the figures/situation bottomed out in...数字(情况)在...达到底部。

36.the figures reached the bottom/a low point/hit a trough.数字(情况)达到底部(低谷)。37.a is ...times as much/many as b.a是b的...倍。38.a increased by...a增长了...39.a increased to...a增长到...

40.high/low/great/small/ percentage.比低高(低)

41.there is an upward trend in the number of......数字呈上升趋势。

42.a considerable increase/decrease occurred from...to......到...发生急剧上升。

43.from...to...the rate of decrease slow down.从...到...,下降速率减慢。

44.from this year on,there was a gradual declinel reduction

figure of...

从这年起,...逐渐下降至...45.be similar to...与...相似

46.be the same as...与...相同

47.there are a lot similarities/differences between...and......与...之间有许多相似(不同)之处48.a has something in common with ba于b有共同之处。

49.the difference between a and b lies in...a与b之间的差别在于...

50...(year)witnessed/saw a sharp rise in......年...急剧上升。

第二部分:Task1 写作常识一、图形种类及概述法:泛指一份数据

图表:a data

graph/chart/diagram/illustration/table饼图:pie chart

直方图或柱形图:bar chart / histogram趋势曲线图:line chart / curve diagram表格图:table

流程图或过程图:flow chart / sequence diagram程序图:processing/procedures diagram以下是一些较常用的描述用法

The table/chart diagram/graph shows (that)According to the table/chart diagram/graphAs (is) shown in the table/chart diagram/graph

As can be seen from the table/chart/diagram/graph/figures,figures/statistics shows (that)...It can be seen from the figures/statisticsWe can see from the figures/statisticsIt is clear from the figures/statisticsIt is apparent from the figures/statistics

table/chart/diagram/graph figures (that) ...

table/chart/diagram/graph shows/describes/illustrates how

in the...,reaching a......

阅卷考官经常是不会看那些图表的,因此文章必须逻辑清晰,如果描述得能令人在脑海里勾画出那个data

chart,这篇task1无疑会达到8分的水平。开篇的第一句话可以是一句高度概括性的introduction(当然开门见山直接描述也是一种写法);这样做不仅使文章更趋于完美,而且可以达到凑字数的目的(但不要照抄题目,除非时间相当紧迫)。接下来另起一段开始进行描述(根据实际情况1-2段),这当中经常要连续使用非限定性定于从句,从而使得描述过程流畅、清晰。最后也可再另起一段进行简短的综述(并非必须)。上述的任何一个步骤都要遵循依据现有data进行客观描述的原则,任何推测性或议论性的内容写得再多、再精彩不仅不会加分,而且还会成为扣分的因素。

二、data的具体表达法

data在某一个时间段固定不变:fixed in time在一系列的时间段中转变:changes over time持续变化的data在不同情况下:增加:increase / raise / rise / go up ...

减少:decrease / grow down / drop / fall ...波动:fluctuate / rebound / undulate / wave ...稳定:remain stable / stabilize / level off ...最常用的两种表达法:

动词 + 副词形式(Verb+Adverb form)

形容词 + 名词形式(Adjective+Noun form)1. Verb+Adverb formThe number of XXX

+increase/jump/rise/decrease/drop/fall/fluctuate...

+insignificantly/significantly/slightly/suddenly/rapidly/dramatically/sharply/steeply/steadily/gradually/slowly...

+from (第一时间) to (第二时间) / between (第一时间) and (第二时间)

2. Adjective+Noun form

There was a (very)

sudden/rapid/dramatic/significant/sharp/steep/steady/gradual/slow/slight

+increase/jump/rise/decrease/drop/fall/fluctuation (注意:上述很多词不可用于修饰fluctuation)

+in the number of XXX from (第一时间) to (第二时间) / between (第一时间) and (第二时间)

描述稳定的data:

The number of XXX remained steady/stable from (第一时间) to (第二时间) / between (第一时间)and (第二时间)

The number of XXX stayed the same from (第一时间) to (第二时间) / between (第一时间) and(第二时间)

There was little change / hardly any change / no change in the number of XXX

from from (第一时间) to (第二时间) / between (第一时间) and (第二时间)

描述不同状态的data

Noun form:

steady drop / sharp rise peak / dramatic fall / sharp dropVerbal form:

(to) bottom out / (to) reach the bottom / (to) increase gradually / (to) reach a

plateau / (to) remain steady

描述the highest point以及the lowest point高点极值:

The monthly profit / The figures / The situation ...

+peaked in (月份/年) <准确时间点用at xxx=""> at XXX% / XXX(极点data)

或者reached a peak / a high point at XXX% / XXX(极点data)低点极值:

XXX bottomed out / reached+rock / the bottom / a low point或者hit a trough

此外,在描述过程中还有很多的conjunctional words/sentences,最常用的固定搭配如下:

并列: as well as(句首/中), also, as well(句尾), either, neither,

too, moreover,

furthermore, in addition, additionally, besides, what's more, apart from ...

举例: for example, for instance, to illustrate, as an illustration, in particular,

particularly, especially

事实: as a matter of fact, in fact, actually, as long as, so long as ...

雷同/近似:similarly, likewise(句首/尾), at the same time, equally ...

转折: however, whereas, nevertheless, nonetheless, though, although, even though,

while, yet, on the contrary, contrarily, in contrast, conversely, on the other

hand, unlikely, in stead (of), in spite of, despite of ...原因与结果

1. cause-suggestion (几乎不常用)

since / now that ...; I hope that...

because of/on account of/owing to/thanks to + (doing) sth, I hope that...

2. cause-effect (较常用)

XXX lead to / bring about / result in/ account for ...

(一个句子), therefore / thus / hence / as a result / consequently / (and) so ...

3. effect-cause (较常用)

XXX be caused by / result from / be the result of / be the effect of / be the

consequence of ...

(一个句子), because ...it is adj. that ...

it is unimaginable that ...it is undeniable that ...

it is interesting to discover that ...

三、其它相关常用词(组)

1. 主章开头图表类型:table; chart; diagram; graph; column chart; pie graph描述:show; describe; illustrate; can be seen from; clear; apparent; reveal;represent

内容:figure; statistic; number; percentage; proportion2. 表示数据

一般:have 10%; at 10%; over 10%

最高(低)点:peaked; reached a peak / high pointbottomed out; reached the bottom

变化:recover 略有回升; increase; jump; rise/rose; climbdecrease; fall/fell; drop; decline; reducefluctuate 浮动,摇摆不定

remained steady/stable; stay the same; little/hardly any /no change

变化程度:sudden/suddenly 突然的,意外的rapid/rapidly 迅速的,飞快的,险峻的dramatic/dramatically 戏剧性的,生动的

significant/significantly 有意义的,重大的,重要的sharp/sharply 锐利的,明显的,急剧的steep/steeply 急剧升降的

steady/steadily 稳固的,坚定不移的gradual/gradually 渐进的,逐渐的slow/slowly 缓慢的,不活跃的slight/slightly轻微的、略微地stable/stably 稳定的

表示范围:from XXX to XXX; between XXX and XXX; for XXX to XXX多长时间直到

表示程度:almost adv. 几乎,差不多nearly adv. 几乎,密切地

approximately adv. 近似的,大约

about adv. 附近, 大约,转向,左右,周围just over 刚超过

over adv. 结束,越过,从头到尾exactly adv. 正确地,严密地precisely adv. 正好 精确地;清晰地比例:20 per cent 20%one in three 1/3

one out of every four 1/4

3. 其它在描述中的常用到的词

significant changes 图中一些较大变化noticeable trend 明显趋势

during the same period 在同一时期grow/grew 增长distribute 分布,区别unequally 不相等地pronounced 明显的average 平均

no doubt 无疑地

corresponding adj. 相应的,通讯的represent vt. 阐述,表现overall 总体上讲except 除外

in the case of adv. 在...的情况下

in terms of / in respect of / regarding 在...方面in contrast 相反,大不相同in conclusion adv. 最后,总之in comparison 相比之下

inversely adv. 相反地,倒转地in general 通常,大体上,一般而言range from

excessive adj. 过多的,过分的,额外lower v.降低,跌落

elapse vi.(时间)过去,消逝category n.种类

6

government policy 政府政策

market forces 市场规率

measure n. 尺寸,方法,措施 v.估量,调节forecast n. 先见,预见 v. 预测

1.有用的词

上升:increase rise ascend core surge go up climb mount level up下降: decrease fall drop descend decline reduce lessen level down平稳:stable steady remain/maintain/keep/be the same as/similar to波动:fluctuate fluctuation rise and falls up and down占:occupy take up account for gain

而:while however whereas on the other hand actually/in fact相比:by contract on the contrary likewise compared with最高点:the highest the top the summit the peak the most最低点:bottom less least rock bottom平均:mean average

趋势:tendancy trend inclination预见:prediction达到顶峰: mount to

在***中占***:***gain the percentage of有一个稳定的过程:a stable period can be seen2.分项目的亚博体育手机客户端

在做这个之前,把“模板”说一下(主要针对菜鸟,应付考试时找不到东西说)

第一段:The***(某种图,比如bar chart ,pie chart或是

curve graph)show***(简单写写情况,比如“妇女受教育程度”,“美国能源利用”,这些一般可以在图下面的说明文字中找到),From the ***(某种土)we can have a understanding of ***(又是什么情况)

注:第二句话是废话,是为了凑字数,字数够了的时候就可以不用了,当然写的时候注意表达方式的一些小改动

第二段:说明段,From the***/***illustrate*** +一些内容,主要写以下几个方面:极点(极大,极小),趋势,特别点(交点,转折点,相同点和一些在特定图上有意义的点)第三

段:From the chart,we may have a basic understanding of the situation of——凑字数用的!! 一些表达: A.柱形图

increase rise go up / drop decrease declineB.饼图

***is dividedsintos***parts ***consume the largest prtion ***accounting for***

***(百分比)of ***is*** ***play a very important role in ***C.线形图

From this point Drop/increase dramaticly a modest /rapid increase1.以时间为比较基础的应抓住“变化”:上升,下降,或是波动,题中对两个或两个以上的变量进行描述时应在此基础上进行比较,如变量多于两个应进行分类或有侧重的比较, 2.不以时间为比较基础的应注意对极点的描述

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